This is an on-going and never-ending debate that we face today.
Contraception and abortion are sometimes tied-up together, but are actually two different issues.
The issue with birth control being considered abortion is based on the assertion that certain methods of contraception actually end rather than prevent pregnancy. However, that assertion contradicts the explanation of science regarding how pregnancies are established and how these contraceptives work.
By definition, a contraceptive method prevents pregnancy by disrupting with ovulation, fertilization or implantation. On the other hand, abortion ends an established pregnancy, that is, after implantation.
A multitude of people think that there is an important moral difference between not starting a life and ending a life. We may consider some birth control methods as truly “contraceptive” in the sense that they provide an obstacle to conception without modifying the normal hormonal pattern of a woman. However, other methods are likely abortive in ways where break-through fertilization occurs.
The ceaseless debates over whether these contraceptive methods can cause an abortion are predominantly influence by how we elucidate pregnancy and conception in the first place. The body is in itself complex and many studies have argued as to where pregnancy, conception and abortion meet and end. Conflicting research and evidences paved its way to the fiery and intense debates on this topic. All over the world, many have spoken and argued over facts and data presented. Experts in the field of Obstetrics and Gynecology presented their contradicting views and even went great lengths to prove their assumptions and judgments.
The term conception should be understood to mean “implantation of a fertilized ovum”, while pregnancy refers to “fertilization, the union of the sperm and egg”.Various definitions have transpired over the years due to heated arguments by different sectors and vigilant groups. They presented immense documentations and studies to prove their respective claims whether birth control can be considered as an act of abortion or not. The ethical debate on this issue centers on whether pregnancy begins at fertilization or at a later stage of the reproductive process. The whole reproduction timetable is in itself very scientific and elaborately technical. There is a thin line in identifying morality between life and death of a fetus.
In order to fully define abortion, it is vital to identify which contraceptives are considered abortive and which are not. True enough, contraception is in itself not abortion. It would be beneficial for all of us to determine which contraceptives belong to the abortive list and which are not.
In the heat of this argument, the significance of choosing a specific contraceptive eventually rests on the person who will be using it. Reasons may vary from ethical to religious, medical to personal, and so on, but in the end, the freedom to choose will prevail for each individual or partners.
As long as essential information are made available to the users, it is their discretion to contemplate and ultimately decide on what type of contraceptive suits their whole being without comprising their beliefs and self-worth.